In the News: Does Influenza or Fever during pregnancy contribute to autism?

By Lisa Ackerman

A new study has found that women who had influenza while pregnant were twice as likely to have a child later diagnosed with autism. Those who had a fever lasting a week or longer — perhaps caused by influenza or maybe by something else — were three times as likely to have an autistic child.

Source: http://vitals.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/11/12/15056697-flu-fever-linked-with-autism-in-pregnancy-study?lite

Cited in the study:

“The study of 96,000 children in Denmark raises as many questions as it answers. But it fits in with a growing body of evidence that suggests that, in at least some cases, something is going on with a mother’s immune system during pregnancy that affects the developing child’s brain. Health officials said the finding reinforces their recommendations that pregnant women should make sure to get flu shots.”

This study may be onto a good theory. For your reference, here are recent blog articles included in the TACAnowblog about the immune system and pregnancy. This topic is important, so I encourage you to read these recent studies from July and August 2012:

https://tacanowblog.com/2012/08/31/an-immune-disorder-at-the-root-of-autism/

https://tacanowblog.com/2012/07/23/a-mouse-model-for-the-immune-dysregulation-subtype-of-autism/

Another piece titled “Can you prevent autism?” followed the immune articles above in August 2012: http://shine.yahoo.com/parenting/prevent-autism-160900764.html.  This prevention thread also brought into the discussion the topic of infections, viruses and autism – especially during pregnancy.

The work from Dr. Patterson reported:

Dr Patterson’s book Infectious Behavior: Brain-Immune Connections in Autism, Schizophrenia and Depression and his blog go into more detail about his thinking on autism, inflammation and what women can do. He told Yahoo! Shine that his research in animals has shown that “activating the mother’s immune system artificially has the same effect on the offspring as the actual flu infection,” a finding which implies questions about the safety of vaccination during pregnancy. “Getting a flu shot is controversial.” Dr. Judy Van de Water Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine Davis, CA confirms (1).

My questions based on the new Denmark study of influenza and fever linked to autism include:

  • The study concludes that 1% of those surveyed that had influenza or fever during pregnancy had a child that developed autism.  Does the study truly make a finding or just point to the rate of autism?
  • Are the conclusions correct? If the study cites surveys of pregnant women based on a questionnaire, is it accurate? (For years, patients’ reports of influenza have been often confused with colds; therefore misreported as the influenza.) There is a way to test for influenza to confirm the diagnosis and this should be a large consideration in future studies.
  • Every year the flu shot is recommended for all populations and each year there is always a twist. (Bird flu, swine flu, and now just any flu causes autism?) Is this the new story to keep the flu vaccine relevant?

Getting or not getting a flu vaccine has been argued for decades since their inception. What can a family do? Flu prevention protocols that do not include the flu vaccine have always been available. Here are some ways to build your immune system and hopefully avoid the flu:

http://www.tacanow.org/family-resources/flu-prevention/

We would like to see a full study, including specifics on its usage and if it is possibly associated to autism; not just a survey.  My conclusion is more research is needed before we jump to a conclusion.

 

Resources:

1)       Dr Judy Van de Water biography: http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/mindinstitute/ourteam/faculty/vandewater.html


4 Comments Add yours

  1. Holly Riley says:

    Thanks, LIsa, for addressing this study.
    The safety of administering the flu shot in pregnant women has NOT ever been studied. This study does not prove that preganant women should get the flu shot. Also the effectiveness of the flu shot is questionable in the general population, and this study does not prove that the flu shot will be effective in preventing the flu in pregnant women or that it would prevent autism. Considering the neurotoxicity of the perservative thimerosal that is still used in this vaccine, pregnant women should be concerned about safety and efficacy of the vaccine. This study does not prove that women who are preganant should get the shot.
    As Lisa explains, this study shows that the immune system is involved in autism. Period. More research, please!
    I hate that mainstream media is using this to advertise the flu shot.

  2. AnneS says:

    I was told by my obgyn that flu shot was a good idea, all her patients were getting it. That was the first year it was being pushed by docs, even before cdc recommended it. 2000. I had full blown flu within a two days. So yes, having the flu might cause autism…but is it the flu shot during pregnancy that is really to blame?

  3. Twyla says:

    Those are some really good questions, Lisa!

  4. Joanna says:

    I know they are not supposed to, but doctors often prescribe antibiotics for the flu (or flu-like symptoms). I wonder how many women were prescribed antibiotics during pregnancy. This reminds me of the study that more women with GBS or an infection during pregnancy went on to have a child with autism. But, perhaps the factor is the antibiotics during delivery that you are given if you have GBS, and not the GBS itself.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s